Does #Spain live in the wrong time zone?

franco relojIn the middle of #World War II, the dictator Francisco #Franco of #Spain decided to make a gesture of solidarity to his ally Adolf Hitler of Nazi Germany: to adapt the time zone of Spain with the one that corresponded to the German country. In the same way, Benito Mussolini carried out the same action in Italy as a gesture of cordiality.

With the defeat of the Nazi regime in 1945, Francisco Franco did not make any change and the time zone with an hour difference of delay with respect to its correct spindle that corresponds to the Central European Time was continued using in Spain and continues until today.

The curious fact that Madrid shares the same hour with a city as Bratislava at 2500 km. Of distance, implies pleasant things like that the sun leaves not so morning and that it is put also later, granting to Spain long summer afternoons and twilight to the 10 pm of the night. The working day usually starts at 9am and ends at 8pm.

But the negative part of this, which has lasted more than 70 years, is that it has affected the health of the Spaniards by depriving them of their adequate sleep and reducing their productivity. “The fact that time in Spain does not correspond to the movement of the sun, affects health and especially sleep,” says José Luis Casero, president of the National Commission for the Rationalization of Spanish Time, which advocates since 2006 for A return to the appropriate time zone.

“It is frightening and it affects the ability of people to see for their children and spend the necessary time with them after school; We also sleep an hour less than it should be, so we are less productive given the hours worked and there are more accidents. It is truly irrational and that is why we are campaigning to change that, “says Professor Nuria Chinchilla, director of the International Work and Family Center at IESE Business School in Spain.
The change or not of this singular fact generates conflict at political and social level in Spain and a discussion at all levels. Since April last year, the government of Mariano Rajoy has tried to promote the change of the time zone, finding both support and rejection in sectors of the Spanish population, but that remains a matter that has not yet been determined.

Source: Quartz, La Vanguardia, BBC News


franco relojEn plena #Segunda Guerra Mundial, el dictador Francisco #Franco de #España decidió realizar un gesto de solidaridad a su aliado Adolf Hitler de la Alemania nazi: adecuar el #huso horario de España con el que le correspondía al país alemán. De la misma manera, Benito Mussolini llevó a cabo la misma acción en Italia como gesto de cordialidad.

A la derrota del régimen nazi en 1945, Francisco Franco no realizó cambio alguno y el huso horario con diferencia de una hora de retraso respecto a su huso correcto que le corresponde a la Hora Central Europea se siguió usando en España y continua hasta nuestros días.

El curioso hecho de que Madrid comparta la misma hora con una ciudad como Bratislava a 2500 km. de distancia, implica cosas gratas como el que el sol salga no tan de mañana y que se ponga también más tarde, otorgándole a España largas tardes de verano y crepúsculos a las 10 pm de la noche. La jornada laboral generalmente comienza a las 9 am y culmina a las 8 de la noche.

Pero la parte negativa de esto, que ha durado más de 70 años, es que ha afectado la salud de los españoles al privarles de su sueño adecuado y aminorarles la productividad. “El hecho de que el tiempo en España no corresponda al movimiento del sol, afecta a la salud y especialmente al sueño” comenta José Luis Casero, presidente de la Comisión Nacional para la Racionalización de los Horarios Españoles, que aboga desde el año 2006 por un retorno al huso horario adecuado.

El cambio o no de este singular hecho genera conflicto a nivel político y social en España y una discusión en todos los niveles. Desde abril del año pasado, el gobierno de Mariano Rajoy ha tratado de impulsar el cambio del huso horario, encontrando tanto apoyo como rechazo en sectores de la población española, pero que sigue siendo una materia de la que no se ha determinado aún nada.

Fuente: Quartz, La Vanguardia, BBC News



Difficult match for #Israel to defeat #Albania

Albania pla yers celebrate their team’s opener in last night’s 3-0 victory over Israel in Haifa, witIsrael’s poor play finally caught up with it on Sunday night, with the blue-andwhite suffering a humbling 3-0 loss to Albania in 2018 World Cup qualifying in Haifa.

Israel could have all but accomplished its initial target in Group G by opening a six-point gap over Albania in the battle for third place with four matches to play.

But instead, it dropped to a dejecting defeat that saw Albania leapfrog into third and gave the national team an alarming wake-up call.

Since Israel discovered back in July 2015 that it would be facing both Spain and Italy in the group, it was clear that its realistic goal should be to finish in third place. Only the winners of each group will qualify automatically for Russia 2018, with the eight best runners-up to advance to home-and-away playoffs.

Israel knew from the start that Albania was its main rival and it beat a nine-man Albania 3-0 on the road in November. But the national team looked lost on Sunday, with Armando Sadiku netting a first-half brace (22, 44) before Ledian Memushaj (71) secured the win in the second half.

Sunday’s loss marked the start of the second half of Israel’s qualifying campaign.

The blue-and-white will be expecting to pick up all three points when it hosts Macedonia in Haifa in its next qualifier on September 2 before visiting Italy without any expectations three days later.

Israel will complete its campaign in October, going to Liechtenstein on October 6 three days before it hosts Spain at Teddy Stadium in Jerusalem in its final qualifier.

After requiring a Ben Sahar stoppage- time penalty to snatch a 1-1 draw last week against a Moldova side that has only beaten San Marino and Andorra over the past three years, Israel’s coach and players insisted that everything would be different against Albania.

Israel was lackluster from the start, struggling to create chances and allowing Albania to control the possession. The visitors were far from impressive, but they didn’t need much to open a two-goal lead by the break.

The small contingent of Albania fans was louder from the 15,000 locals from the start and was given something to celebrate in the 22nd minute. Bibras Natcho’s poor clearance went straight to the feet of Odise Roshi and he found Sadiku in space.

Any hope that Albania’s opener would jolt Israel into life was soon dashed, with the hosts failing to muster a response. The blue-and-white’s defensive frailties were exposed once more one minute before the break, with Sadiku scoring an almost identical goal to the first, firing into the bottom left corner yet again, this time from five meters further out.

Striker Itay Shechter replaced midfielder Eyal Golasa in the 53rd minute, with Idan Vered coming in four minutes later in place of Lior Refaelov. Israel coach Elisha Levy made his third and final substitution in the 67th minute with Yossi Benayoun replacing Ben Sahar, but it was Albania which scored again.

Memushaj slotted in from close range after a well-worked team move in the 71st minute and many of the fans that didn’t leave the stadium early let the players know what they thought of their performance with resounding boos at the final whistle.


#Navarra University listening to the GM of Spain Jewish Communities Council(#FCJE)

carolina-aisen“Interreligious dialogue is one of the most important aspects of continuing to build a pluralistic and fully developed society,” said #Carolina Aisen, director of the Federation of Jewish Communities of Spain (FCJE) at the University of Navarra. Of a day of the Institute Culture and Society (ICS) on the Sephardic legacy.

Aisen stressed that in Spain there is dialogue between religions of Abrahamic tradition: Judaism, Islam and Christianity. “Although the same confessions have found areas in which to reflect and collaborate, the work of the Pluralism and Coexistence Foundation has been a great help. It is also necessary that these spaces for dialogue grow not only within the institutions, but at different levels and sectors of each of the confessions, “he said.

On the other hand, he emphasized the importance of education “not only understood as formal studies in schools – which also – but as mere learning”. For Carolina Aisen, “learning and knowing the other – their beliefs, customs, singularities … – will help us normalize the inclusion not only of the different confessions but also of the plural Spanish society.”

Regarding the theme of the day, he affirmed that “the Sephardic legacy teaches us that in this land lived several communities with different traditions and customs and in general in a certain harmony”. As he said, the current Spanish society “is heiress of that past, although it is not always known or internalized. It is therefore important that society can learn and learn from its own history. “

Jewish community in Spain: 40,000 people

The director of the FCJE mentioned that at present the Spanish Jewish community is formed by 40,000 people, with its institutions, schools and educational and social centers. “Although small in number, it is an active and lively community in 21st century Spain. With the same problems and vicissitudes that Spanish society in general. A plural community from all points of view and perfectly integrated into Spanish society”she said.

According to Aisen, some of the challenges they face are calls for oppositions and other examinations in public institutions on public holidays on the Jewish calendar, religious attendance and diet in public centers such as hospitals, prisons and military barracks ; The opening of places of worship; And the cession of plots within the municipal cemeteries for Jewish burials according to their tradition.

Finally, he referred to the increase in hate crimes both in Spain and in Europe. “Anti-Semitism and the apology of Nazism are part of the daily,” he lamented. In that line, he wanted to highlight the reform of the Penal Code last year: “It provides a powerful tool to persecute anti-Semitic discourse and hate crimes and for other discriminatory reasons.” He recalled that the FCJE has the Observatory of Antisemitism in Spain and prepares an annual report highlighting the events that occurred during the previous year.

#Universidad Navarra: Habla la directora de la Federación de Comunidades Judías de España(#FCJE)

carolina-aisen.jpg“El diálogo interreligioso es uno de los aspectos más importantes para seguir construyendo una sociedad plural y desarrollada a pleno”, así lo destacó en la Universidad de Navarra #Carolina Aisen, directora de la Federación de Comunidades Judías de España (FCJE), en el marco de una jornada del Instituto Cultura y Sociedad (ICS) sobre el legado sefardí.

Aisen subrayó que en España existe diálogo entre las religiones de tradición abrahámica: Judaísmo, Islam y Cristianismo. “Si bien las mismas confesiones han encontrado ámbitos en los que reflexionar y colaborar, la labor de la Fundación Pluralismo y Convivencia ha sido de gran ayuda. También es necesario que estos espacios de diálogo crezcan no solo en el seno de las instituciones, sino en distintos niveles y sectores de cada una de las confesiones”, apuntó.

Por otro lado, destacó la importancia de la educación “no entendida solamente como estudios formales en centros de enseñanza -que también- sino como mero aprendizaje”. Para Carolina Aisen, “aprender y conocer al otro -sus creencias, costumbres, singularidades…- nos ayudará a normalizar la inclusión no solo de las distintas confesiones sino de la plural sociedad española”.

Con respecto al tema de la jornada, afirmó que “el legado sefardí nos enseña que en esta tierra convivieron varias comunidades con diferentes tradiciones y costumbres y en general en cierta armonía”. Según dijo, la sociedad española actual “es heredera de ese pasado, aunque no siempre es conocido o interiorizado. Por ello resulta importante que la sociedad pueda conocer y aprender de su propia historia”.

Comunidad judía en España: 40.000 personas

La directora de la FCJE mencionó que en la actualidad la comunidad judía española está formada por 40.000 personas, con sus instituciones, colegios y centros educativos y sociales. “Aunque pequeña en número, es una comunidad activa y viva en la España del siglo XXI. Con las mismas problemáticas y vicisitudes que la sociedad española en general. Una comunidad plural desde todos los puntos de vista y perfectamente integrada en la sociedad española”, puntualizó.

De acuerdo con Aisen, algunos de los retos a los que se enfrentan son las convocatorias a oposiciones y otros exámenes en instituciones públicas en días festivos del calendario judío, la asistencia religiosa y el régimen de alimentación en centros públicos como hospitales, cárceles y cuarteles militares; la apertura de lugares de culto; y la cesión de parcelas dentro de los cementerios municipales para enterramientos judíos según su tradición.

Por último, se refirió al incremento de los delitos de odio tanto en España como en Europa. “El antisemitismo y la apología del nazismo forman parte de lo cotidiano”, lamentó. En esa línea quiso destacar la reforma del Código Penal el pasado año: “Facilita una poderosa herramienta para perseguir el discurso y los delitos de odio antisemitas y por otros motivos discriminatorios”. Recordó que la FCJE cuenta con el Observatorio de Antisemitismo en España y elabora un informe anual en el que se destacan los hechos acaecidos durante el año anterior.


#Mexico: The Mayor of #Cordoba about the #Jewish Legacy of this city

Ambrosio-Mancera-ayer-encuentro_1142595939_69487713_667x375The mayor of Cordoba, Isabel Ambrosio, defended yesterday the Jewish legacy of the city at a summit held in Mexico. According to municipal sources, Ambrosio is attending these days the Fourth World Summit of Sephardic Communities, held in Mexico City until next Saturday, as president of the Network of Cities with Jewish Quarters of Spain. In this way, the councilor stressed the importance of the role of Jewish communities in Spain and more specifically in Cordoba, “a city that could not be understood without the Jewish legacy, both in science, literature and urbanism,” he said.

In addition to the top leaders of the Jewish community in Mexico, the same sources added, the inauguration of this summit also included the mayors of Estella (Navarra) and Castrillo Mota de los Judíos (Burgos), as well as those responsible Of the Center Sefarad of Madrid and the Foundation Three Cultures. This fourth Erensya World Summit (Sephardic inheritance) is organized by the Sephardic Center of Spain and the Jewish communities of Israel and brings together some thirty Sephardic communities around the world. It is convened on a bi-annual basis and it does so with the aim of maintaining the language and identity of the Sephardic community. For the first time this summit meets in America after having done it in Bulgaria, Turkey and Spain.

The inauguration ceremony was presided over by the governor of Mexico City, Miguel Angel Mancera, with whom the mayor interviewed later to discuss the lines of joint work between the two cities in terms of heritage, climate change and international cooperation. Mancera, detailed municipal sources, was “very receptive” to the proposals of the mayor so that both cities can work together in those areas.

Mancera and Ambrosio agreed on the importance of the role of cities to recover the coexistence in the situation so complex that is going through these moments, noting that “cities can be a great factor of change.” In addition, both Ambrosio and Mancera pointed out that Cordoba and Mexico City are two cities “fundamental for coexistence, pluriculturality and plurilingualism”.


#México: la alcaldesa de #Córdoba defiende el pasado #judío de la ciudad

La alcaldesa de Córdoba, Isabel Ambrosio, defendió ayer el legado judío de la ciudad en una cumAmbrosio-Mancera-ayer-encuentro_1142595939_69487713_667x375bre celebrada en México. Según detallaron fuentes municipales, Ambrosio asiste durante estos días a la cuarta Cumbre Mundial de las Comunidades Sefardíes, que se celebra en Ciudad de México hasta el próximo sábado, en calidad de presidenta de la Red de Ciudades con Juderías de España. De esta forma, la regidora destacó la importancia del papel de las comunidades judías en España y más concretamente en Córdoba, “una ciudad que no se entendería sin el legado judío, tanto en la ciencia, la literatura y el urbanismo”, según apuntó.

Además de los máximos responsables de la comunidad judía de México, según añadieron las mismas fuentes, en la inauguración de esta cumbre también estuvieron presentes los alcaldes de Estella (Navarra) y el de Castrillo Mota de los Judíos (Burgos), así como los responsables del Centro Sefarad de Madrid y la Fundación Tres Culturas. Esta cuarta Cumbre Mundial Erensya (herencia en sefardí) está organizada por el Centro Sefarad de España y las comunidades judías de Israel y reúne a una treintena de comunidades sefarditas de todo el mundo. Se convoca con carácter bianual y lo hace con el objetivo de mantener la lengua y las señas de identidad de la comunidad sefardí. Por primera vez esta cumbre se reúne en América después de haberlo hecho en Bulgaria, Turquía y España.

El acto de inauguración estuvo presidido por el gobernador de Ciudad de México, Miguel Ángel Mancera, con quien la alcaldesa se entrevistó con posterioridad para plantearle las líneas de trabajo conjunto entre ambas ciudades en materia de patrimonio, cambio climático y cooperación internacional. Mancera, detallaron fuentes municipales, se mostró “muy receptivo” a los planteamientos de la alcaldesa para que ambas ciudades puedan trabajar juntas en esos terrenos.

Mancera y Ambrosio coincidieron en la importancia del papel de las ciudades para recuperar la convivencia en la situación tan compleja que se atraviesa en estos momentos, señalando que “las ciudades podemos ser un gran factor de cambio”. Además, tanto Ambrosio como Mancera señalaron que Córdoba y Ciudad de México son dos ciudades “fundamentales para la convivencia, la pluriculturalidad y el plurilingüismo”.