“Cordoba is one of the key points for the israelian tourism” says Yinam Cohen

yinam CohenYinam Cohen is the Minister Counselor and Head of Political Affairs at the Israeli Embassy in Spain. In its department, as number two of the embassy, the meetings of the Israeli delegations of high level are generated, while it deals with the relations with the diplomatic corps accredited in Spain. It is in Cordoba these days on the occasion of the month of Israel in Andalusia and yesterday visited the facilities of CÓRDOBA Journal.

– What activities will develop in this city on the occasion of the month of Israel in Andalusia?

-The visit to Cordoba is part of a rather large project that we are doing the Israeli embassy in several cities of Andalusia: Almeria, Cordoba, Jaen, Seville and Granada. And the purpose is to approach the Israeli embassy to the Andalusians. In Córdoba we are celebrating a very interesting culinary encounter between one of our most famous chef, Victor Gloger, and one of the most famous Spanish and Cordovan chefs, Paco Morales, from the Noor restaurant, with a dialogue about Israeli and Spanish cuisine, Israeli has a very interesting heritage and convergence with the Spanish. And also in Cordoba I will give today a conference on Israel in the Middle East and some political meetings.

– What is intended with this cultural initiative?

-Andalusia is the most populated region or community in Spain and the most important, which has a very important political, economic and cultural importance in the country. Jewish history in Spain happened here in Andalusia. Much of our Israeli culture comes from the Sephardim, who have developed in Andalusia. Here in Cordoba we have the Synagogue, born Maimonides, one of the most important thinkers in Jewish history … We feel that we have many ties, that the Jewish people has a lot of history in Cordoba and Andalusia and now we want to develop the present and the future .

-How is the relationship of Israel with Cordoba, a city that cares and reforms its Synagogue and has a Judería that is World Heritage?

-Córdoba is today one of the key points in Israeli tourism in Spain, but I think it can reach a high point. The Israelis find in Spain one of the most interesting destinations in the world. Each year around 350,000 Israelis arrive in Spain, a figure that in Spanish and Andalusian terms is perhaps not so much because there is a lot of tourism, but for a country as small as Israel means a lot. It means that one in 20 Israelis normally arrive in Spain. They come for football, for the beaches, but most of all for the culture and for the history and the Jewish heritage. And which city more reflects the history and the Jewish heritage in Spain? Cordova. And that is why we want to establish and expand our ties and it is the work we are doing here.

“What do you think the Synagogue is going to have a visitor center?”

-I’m going to meet her and we think this project is very important. The Jewish people have a lot of history in Spain. And now many Israelis and Jews in the world are returning to their Sephardic roots, to the culture of the Ladino, the Jewish-Spanish language, which has had so much literary wealth. And by the way we are very grateful to the Government of Spain for having approved a law of Sephardic that allows the descendants of these to acquire their Spanish citizenship again.

-After 31 years, how are the bilateral relations Spain-Israel?

– Now that there is political stability in Spain allows us to work with much more energy. Spain is one of the 5 largest countries in the EU, it is the fourth economy within the Union, and for Israel it is a very important point of focus. And now there is a boom in contacts between the two governments. Next week we will have a very important parliamentary delegation, headed by the President of Amistad in our Parliament, who will come to know Congress and the Senate. And in the second half of the year, our President, Reuven Rivlin, who has been invited by His Majesty the King to visit him, wants to give a new approach to the history that unites us.

– He’s in charge of political affairs at the Israeli embassy, what’s troubling him at the moment?

-More than all we work in a positive agenda, in the bonds between the governments and there are many exchanges in subjects of immigration; We have a small economy but in technological matters we are in the international vanguard and the theme of innovation is of great interest to the Spanish Government. Also in cybersecurity, which is a growing threat and Israel and Spain can cooperate. In addition, next week the group Amistad Spain-Israel will be launched with Spanish deputies. However, there are some sectors in society and in Spanish politics that instead of discussing seek discriminatory cases and try to promote the boycott against Israel. But we are very happy that this is not common between the parties and the Spanish people and are quite marginal sectors.

-How does Israel live beyond the negative news that come to us?

-Israel is in the middle of the most turbulent place in the world right now, in the Middle East, with Syria in the North and Islamic states around. But Israel is at the same time the largest development and technological research center in the world outside of Silicon Valley in the United States. There are 300 multinationals of the largest in the world that have opened their centers of development and research in Israel by the human talent and academic level. We live in a very pluralistic and open society and we keep trying to reach peace and tranquility.

-With Trump’s arrival in the US government, how does it affect the peace process with the Palestinians?

“Direct negotiation between Israel and Palestine has been frozen for three years. And we need to talk to come to an agreement. Last week, Trump’s special envoy was in Israel for the Middle East peace process. President Trump can give a new impetus, perhaps a little different and fresh to what we have had in recent years. And it would be good if both Netanyahu and Abbas, who have been satisfied with this first visit, can start again direct negotiation and have the support of the new Administration in Washington. Today’s Middle East is not the one we’ve always known, not 5 years ago. It has changed by the rise of jihadism and the Islamic State and now there is an understanding by a common enemy. We do not have official diplomatic relations with these countries but there are already contacts of low profile, because the common things are more than the political differences. I am the father of three children and the only thing that worries me as a diplomat and father is that my children and the children of Palestinians and Israelis have a future of peace. We have to dialogue and make the concessions we have to make to reach a peace agreement. And now it is more possible than before.

“Politics has come to football and threatens to cloud the Spain-Israel party in Gijón.

– What worries us most about this match is the Spanish team, which is very good (laughs) and I think it’s going to be a very big challenge for our team. Sport is a sport and in politics we are open to any kind of dialogue with which we want to dialogue but not with whoever wants to boycott or deny Israel’s right to exist.


The most universal jew from Girona(Spain): Bonastruc

BonastrucJournalist and writer Miquel Fañanàs, 68, finds it hard to keep track of the books he has published. The last, ‘Bonastruc, el jueu’, recently published by the publishing house Columna, is the 21st and completes a trilogy of historical novel, together with ‘The Stone Witch’ and ‘The Great Inquisitor’, published in 2012 and 2015 respectively .

-“Did you have a trilogy in your mind?” Honestly no. It all starts with the success of ‘The Stone Witch’, with which I won the novel award Néstor Luján. Then I was asked for another novel and I thought about developing one of the referenced characters, the Inquisitor Nicholas Emeric. And when the publishers told me I could do a third book, to compensate for a figure as evil as the inquisitor, I chose the good Bonastruc.

– “The three have in common the beliefs, the religions, the heresy” … Yes, and all three are related to the city of Girona. The stone witch, for example, refers to a gargoyle with a female form that is in the cathedral of Girona, something quite strange and unique in the world. For his part, Nicolau Emeric, the Catholic theologian and inquisitor general of Corona d’Aragó, protagonist of ‘The Great Inquisitor’, was born and studied in Girona, although he also made his own in Barcelona. Bonastruc Ça Porta, which comes out in some way in the two previous novels, is the most universal of Girona’s Jews.

-“Why Bonastruc?” Bonastruc, born Moixé Ben Nahman and known as Nahmànides, was a very important character in the thirteenth century, and I think it is worth reclaiming his figure. He was a great Kabbalist, interpreted sacred texts, and left numerous sermons and poems. His legacy, his philosophical thought, is very important, comparable to that of figures like Ramon Llull, whom we know much better.

-“They meet each other in your book.” It is not documented that they were known, but they coincided in time and everything points that could have been seen.

-As the previous two, ‘Bonastruc the Jueu’ is a novelada biography. Yes, it is not a history book. I use historical elements and real figures to create a novel. It has action, love, suspense, hatred, revenge … And a surprising ending.

-This type of novels, with a historical background, have had a lot of pull for a few years. People have long seemed interested in history, or the one that touches us more closely, with events such as the Spanish Civil War, or More distant, like the medieval period. It’s funny, but maybe it’s to counteract so much technology …

– I understand that behind a novel like ‘Bonastruc, the jueu’ there is a great work of previous investigation. Yes, I documented myself in the library of the Center Bonastruc Ça Porta de Girona and with the invaluable help of its director. There I found, among other things, a booklet published in 1985 very interesting about the figure of Bonastruc and I was able to acquire Jewish terminology.

-“How long has it taken you to write this novel?” A whole year. It’s the second book I write as a retiree, the second I write full-time. Well, actually, in the evenings. Four hours each day.

-“And you’re preparing the next one, am I right?” Well, I have not started, but I plan to recover my first book, ‘Susqueda’, published in 1983. It will be the same story but with more characters, with more action. This was a novel, and my idea is to update and expand it.

-Why? This book deals with the collapse of the dam Susqueda, a great infrastructure launched by Franco in 1968, and the panic that caused the water to come down among the residents. The new version will come out next year coinciding with its 50th anniversary.

– What can advance us? Somehow I would like to include in this novel an anecdote that happened during the promotion of the book, in 1983. We happened to read some fragments in a transmitter of Girona, a little theatrical, with sound effects, and the people believed it. As in ‘War of the Worlds’ by Orson Welles. Police came to the studio to stop the broadcast because more than 3,000 people had mobilized, totally terrified.

At least 25%of Spanish citizens have Jewish origin

Mario Sabán.

“I am often asked if you can be Jewish in Spain. Of course, yes, without any difficulty.” This is expressed by Mario Javier Sabán, PhD in Philosophy and Anthropology and president of the Jewish cultural network Tarbut Sefarad, founded in Lleida, where he lives. He was born in Buenos Aires in 1966, but is nationalized Spanish. He is a Sephardic, a descendant of the Hebrews expelled in 1492. “My father was born in Smyrna, Turkey, there were 80,000 Jews and they all left.

How many Jews are there in Spain?
Today there will be about 30,000 but it is very difficult to calculate how many are descendants. There are no Spaniards without Jewish origins, almost all have some. At least about 25 percent, 10 million.
According to his calculations, how many Jews had to go in 1492?
The figures vary between 120,000 and 200,000. How many were there? Most probably became, nobody thought that the Inquisition would last 300 years, many became thinking that the policy would change. There were even Juderia where all became Christians. And it was not the first time. Those of 1492 increased the ranks of those who had already done so in 1391 and 1412. Perhaps there were 120,000 converts. In all, there would be half a million Jews, but the whole truth escapes us.
Many concealed their origins.
Yes, for fear of the Inquisition. Blood cleaning certificates were purchased. We know that in Toledo and Burgos were 40 percent of the population: the more Catholic a population, the more suspicious that there are converts because families tried to hide their origins. The parents of Teresa de Jesús or the mother of Fray Luis de León were Hebrews. In century XVI is given with the grandchildren of the conversos the last cultural element Jewish. Cervantes himself would have a Jewish imprint, but then who did not? The footprint is very large and now it is well valued.
Do you think there are still negative connotations?
No, I have never felt antisemitism in Spain, there are unintended phrases like ‘Judaized’, like ‘Sadduca trap’ or ‘You are a Pharisee’, but who says it does so without perceiving its meaning. The problem is ignorance: rather than negative predisposition, there are anti-Israel media, with negative information that affects the Jewish subject.
Is there hate and love between Spain and the Jews?
I think so. They often ask me out, people of Sephardic origin, if you can live as a Jew in Spain, and tell them of course, without problems. Because the memory they had is that they were expelled, but at the same time they kept the ladino, the old Castilian.
To what extent was expulsion a disaster?
I compared 1492 to an expulsion of Jewish Jews from the United States. This is what happened in Spain. They dominated finance, astronomy, cartography, philosophy, medicine in a very large cultural and economic development. In the United States Jews are less than 5 percent. In Spain they were more. It was a demographic and cultural catastrophe. There were cities that were left without doctors. It happened all over Europe, but not of this magnitude: there was less.
You are a cabalist. What is it?
It goes from the general understanding of the universe; On the one hand the Theosophical, which is equivalent to quantum physics, and studies the mystery of creation: why God created the universe and for what. As for the prophetic Kabbalah goes from the levels of consciousness and it would be psychology, what power of energy a person has and what he can grasp from reality. So on one side is the physical and on the other the individual.

Pastrami: The Jewish recipe that revolutionizes Barcelona

pastrami-sandwichIn a loft of the Factory Lehman of Barcelona, the fifth barrel of the boys of Rooftop Smokehouse breeds dust. Already installed in this old industrial complex, the barrels where the oak wood used to burn with duck, octopus or beef pieces were only material for the memory. From when they started, back in 2014, to try smoking on the roof of their apartment in the Sant Antoni neighborhood. Now these barrels have been replaced by more modern furnaces and the fireplace of 1850 of the Factory Lehman, restored, has become the new outlet of fumes. No longer should you look for Rooftop Smokehouse products in pop ups or ephemeral events. They sell on line and have opened their own local, Pastrami Bar / El Paradiso, where cocktails are combined with snacks from their star product: pastrami.

The best-selling Jewish kitchen is an expensive and slow-working product, warns Carla Rodamilans, a member of Rooftop Smokehouse along with two chefs from Hoffman School, Buster Turner and Jakob Zeller. To make pastrami you have to count, first of all, with a calf’s breast of good quality. He is left for three weeks in brine, smoked for 16 hours and finally dried for two days. “If it is not smoked it is not pastrami,” Rodamilans points out, which marks the differences with corned beef, similar to pastrami but instead of being smoked, is boiled in vinegar. It is a craft process that is difficult to accelerate without distorting the product. They sell it through their website in a box with the kit to make the canon sandwich: in addition to pastrami, pickles or pickles, beer mustard and sauerkraut or fermented cabbage. It costs 24 euros and only lacks the rye bread. Kosher food, it is considered a heresy to eat pastrami with bread smeared smeared with mayonnaise: there is nothing that would betray more to a WASP (in the United States, of Protestant and Anglo-Saxon origin). For something in Hannah and his Sisters, the character of Woody Allen was enough to stock these two ingredients, along with a Bible and a crucifix, to complete his conversion to Catholicism.

Although the origins of the pastrami are settled between the Jews of Eastern Europe and those who emigrated to the USA, lately abounds in Barcelona: a search on TripAdvisor gives up to 56 results. Many locals have turned it into a claim of their menu, such as the Elsa and Fred gastrobar, which accompanies it with candied onions, arugula and mustard; The Bar Rufian, who opts for the glass, the Tropico, which serves with eggs benedict, or the restaurant of the concept store Iluzione, which is played with a focaccia of pastrami. It is even available in some supermarket chains. “We run the risk of vulgarizing a good product,” warns Mario Ponce, Pastrami Barcelona. Shortly after opening the Hungarian delicatessen Paprika Gourmet, its promoters, Daniel Moreno and Veronika Fazekas, began to provide pastrami to establishments and individuals of all Spain under this brand. “In the first year of Pastrami Barcelona we had about 15 restaurants as clients, now we are going for 50 and we have arrived in Madrid, Valencia, Murcia, Basque Country and even Almeria,” says Ponce. Pastrami Barcelona buys the product an Austrian manufacturer. And they also have their own bar, Cal Marius 449, where a portion of snacks serve croquettes and pastrami pumps.

According to Ponce, the pastrami boom is due to the “nobility” of the product itself: it is difficult for someone to taste it and does not like it, he argues, and has a genuine flavor that has nothing to do with veal, like Iberian ham does not taste like pork. Hollywood has done the rest, beginning with Meg Ryan’s feigned orgasm in When Harry Met Sally, he took a pastrami sandwich at Katz’s in New York to everyone on the town. As if the legion of films were not enough to promote the product, Pastrami Barcelona is very active in the networks, with hashtags like #pastramilovers or #pastramibcn.


Month of Israel in Andalusia

mes de israel en andaluciaThe Israeli Embassy in Spain, in collaboration with various institutions, has organized the month of Israel in Andalusia to be held the second fortnight of March in different cities of Andalusia.

The program includes various meetings, events and events of cultural, political, technological, gastronomic, etc. The main objectives of this initiative are to strengthen the ties between Israel and Andalusia and to contribute to a better understanding of the current Israeli situation.

In addition to the events included in the program, Israeli diplomats will hold meetings, meetings and interviews in the media, universities and political representatives.

Among the events that will take place include the presentation of the Israeli film The Women’s Balcony with the assistance of its director Emil Ben Shimon in the cinema Albéniz de Málaga (March 15); The two gastronomic events that will be carried out by Israeli chef Victor Gloger with chef Paco Morales at Noor restaurant in Cordoba (March 22) and with chefs Samuel Perea and Rafael Gutiérrez at El Pimpi restaurant in Malaga (March 24); Or the Seminar New frontiers in water technology in Seville and Almeria (27 and 28 March).

Melilla: Jews thank the Government for the Sephardic Law

Melilla Premio Mem Guimel a Rafael CatalaThe Jewish community of Melilla, which has been present in the city for more than 150 years, today recognized the Spanish State for the granting of nationality to the Sephardi, from which part of their diaspora settled in North Africa when Five centuries ago they were expelled from Spain.

The Minister of Justice, Rafael Catalá, has collected in representation of the Government the Prize Mem Memímel granted by the Jewish association of the same name by the law 12 of 2015, that granted the Spanish nationality to the descendants of Jews expelled in 1942 by Kings Católicos .

In picking up the plaque recognition, Catalá stressed that this law is one of “the most important” in recent years “for its symbolic content,” as it represents “the historic restoration of a debt five centuries ago with the Jewish people And the Sephardi in particular. “

The expulsion of this community “marked negatively the history of Spain, for the loss of talent, capacity and affection” towards this town and “Spanish nationality, which should never be lost,” the minister has condemned.

For this reason, he thanked this “gesture of reunion” with Sefarad, the land that judicial tradition identifies with Spain, after receiving the award from the President of the Association Mem Guimel de Melilla, Mordejay Guahnich.

The presentation took place at the Assembly of Melilla during the visit of the minister, at a ceremony in the presence of the city’s president, Juan José Imbroda, and the government delegate, Abdelmalik El Barkani.

The event coincided with the celebration of Purim, a Jewish holiday that originated in the Book of Esther of the Bible, in memory of the salvation of the Jews of Persia from being annihilated.

Hijar(Teruel/Spain): international relevance Jewish vestiges found

Little by little the enigmas that hides the hermitage of San Antón de Híjar are dissipating. The first results of the tastings made in just two weeks of January are already known and corroborate that, indeed, the present building is based on a Jewish synagogue.
“In Spain there are only two medieval synagogues with such obvious signs. After Lorca (Murcia), the Híjar is the clearest example. These are the words of Antonio Hernández, the archaeologist director of the tastings who, without hesitation, affirmed that “this is a finding of international importance”.
The evidence is based on the finding of the base of the bimá, the tribune from which the Torah was read. There are also two of the four pillars on which the tribune itself rose. It was raised to facilitate hearing and visibility and was eliminated when the temple was Christianized. This was the element of greatest interest and ended up having a great symbolic and social burden.

The hermitage, whose roof of the bell tower sank in 2010, will begin its restoration soon. At the International Congress of Jewish Heritage promoted by the Center of Studies of the Bajo Martín in October, it was emphasized the need to undertake previous tastings to avoid the loss of any element of value with the works.
“At the beginning of the year 2000, some tastings were made that were already pointing to the presence of remains. They were very superficial and needed to be deepened, “he added. Hernández belongs to Acrotera, a company specialized in heritage management. He worked in Híjar with a team made up of supporting archaeologist Jesús Franco; The specialist in photography, Cristina Bazán; And the historian Hijarano, Almuayad Royo.
After delivering the preliminary report to Soil and Housing so that the Government of Aragon can continue with the procedures of the works of the next restoration, currently focuses on closing the scientific memory. Another immediate step will be to publish the finding in national and international specialized magazines.
However, what is found does not remain there. Under the remains of the synagogue have been detected findings of Roman times. “I am skeptical of the forecasts because until you open you do not know what there is. In fact, we did not expect this because in the archives of DGA there is no record of Roman presence in the urban area, “he added.
Almuayad Royo, who is also a historian and president of the Alantansi Cultural Association, created to protect the Jewish legacy, is currently working on the study of the only document that accredits a synagogue in Híjar.
It is written in Latin and dates from 1410. “It is a license of works requested to expand it, so we find a synagogue prior to that extension and a later one,” he said.
This division is fundamental since the next step will be to try to find out if the current building was raised new in the sixteenth century or on the contrary, belongs to the synagogue of the fifteenth century.
When does the hermitage date?
This finding will guide and limit the restoration plan to conserve the remains. However, specialists agree that during the works there should be protection of walls, walls and ceilings to see if the hermitage is new or is the synagogue reconverted.
In this sense, Royo pointed to the House of the Rabbi and to the hypothesis that has maintained for some time. “Both the house and the hermitage are two rooms but really, a single building because both were intercommunicated through doors as well as having an interaction,” he explained and added that the synagogue was more than a place of worship.
“They were places of meeting that used to have a courtyard, classrooms for Talmudic schools, warehouses to keep the oil they made with a specific ritual, … We are talking about a series of stays and that is what we have to find out,” he added. Highlighted the role of a wall in particular, the adjoining with the House of the Rabbi.
The hijarano also stressed the importance of more details being discovered during the works, such as opening blinded windows with plaster that could conceal some type of molding.

Betting to recover the patrimony
The restoration of the hermitage of San Anton was announced at the October International Congress. The two towns that hosted the activities for being the ones that preserve a greater legacy were Albalate of the Archbishop and Híjar. For the works, the City of Híjar allocated a total investment of 370,000 euros from FITE.
The first mayor, Luis Carlos Marquesán, emphasized the importance of preserving the remains that could be found and spoke even of creating a specific route. “We have neither beach nor mountain but a Jewish heritage that we must promote together among all the institutions,” he said.
In the absence of the definitive report, from the City Hall celebrate the relevance of the findings. “They corroborate the Jewish past of the town and with an importance that supposes a greater accolade than we expected for the future project that includes reforming the whole neighborhood,” said the mayor, who stressed the need for all administrations to work in an integrated way. «Revitalizing the neighborhood and attracting specialized tourism will have repercussions beyond Híjar», he concluded
It is noteworthy that between DGA and Universidad San Jorge a web of juderías of Aragon is being elaborated, in addition to the Network itself in which the Autonomous Executive works. Some visits to the latest findings have already been made and some are not discarded due to the presentation of the relevance of what was found.

“The Spy”: the story of Eli Cohen on NETLIX series

ELI COHEN“The Spy”, produced by Alain Goldman (La Vie en Rose) and directed by Gideon Raff (Homeland), will tell the true and incredible story of Eli Cohen, a Jewish spy of Egyptian origin, who worked for Israel in the 60s, Syria, reports the French premiere cinema magazine. This new series will be co-produced by Netflix and Canal +.

The series, which will be shot in French, will soon be launched in France on Canal + and broadcast around the world on Netflix.

Eli Cohen, of his false identity Kamel Amin Thaabet, had managed to infiltrate all political and military levels of the country and reshaped the face of the Middle East.

Having played a major role in the Israeli victory over the Syrian forces during the Six-Day War, he is still considered one of the most effective spies in history.

At the beginning of January 1965, he was unmasked by Egyptian counter-espionage specialists, who, thanks to a new Soviet direction-finding system, had located radio waves of Morse-coded messages emitted from a miniature transmitter in his apartment.

Eli Cohen was arrested on 24 January 1965, when he was transmitting secret messages to Israel. In his latest encoded message, he announces to his Israeli counterparts that he is being unmasked. He is then tortured, held in closed session in Syria, and sentenced to death by hanging.

Eli Cohen is hanged in a public square in Damascus on May 18, 1965, despite the interventions of the French, Belgian and Canadian leaders, as well as Pope Paul VI, who asked the Syrian government to reverse the sentence.
At the end of the Six-Day War, despite many efforts, Damascus refused to transfer the body of Eli Cohen.

The Syrian authorities have always refused to return Cohen’s body to his family to be buried in Israel. The demands of his family are still ignored by the government

The end of Embassy”, the confectionery in Madrid that saved 30,000 Jews in IIWW

The depressive Madrid of the first 40 was also a Madrid of secrets and intrigues, spies with monocle and clandestine activities. Under its privileged geographical situation, holding the interests of Nazis and allies, stories of alternative diplomacy are hidden; Double side of the exclusive Embassy. This confectionery of the Paseo de la Castellana, which brought together aristocrats, ambassadors and intelligence agents around tea, pastries and surveillance, closed its doors 86 years later.

The distinguished and exclusive British appearance of the place, founded in 1931, colored the city’s leaden landscape. It was the obsession of Margarita Kearney Taylor, owner of the same, who from the beginning tried to turn the area into an approximation of the elegant neighborhoods of London, such as Mayfair or Belgravia. Then, with the outbreak of World War II, he strove to give refuge and departure to those fleeing from the German Gestapo and SS.

The confectionery, also converted into a restaurant, was named “Embassy” because of its proximity to several embassies, especially the British and German embassies, the latter located a few steps away, next to the “Friedenskirche” IBM building. Their interests converged on the exclusive premises, witnessing a tense and superficial calm.

The Nazi deployment, led by Paul Winzer, head of the Gestapo, and Hans Lazar, head of propaganda in Spain, increased control and pressure in the area with the connivance of Francisco Franco. Germany, in this sense, even came up with an invasion to satisfy its strategic pretensions in the conflict. Kearney Taylor, along with the British ambassador Sir Samuel Hoare, turned his place into a refuge to alleviate the persecution suffered by anyone who was against the interests of the Nazis.

Embassy’s basement, which housed an oven for confectionery cakes, housed thousands of undocumented immigrants who received food, attention, and some money. It is estimated that the British embassy spent more than 1,000 pounds a day to undertake such an undertaking, which was eventually interrupted by several closures of the premises. Marguerite’s mood, Irish of elegant but firm appearance, did not waver.

Regarding the Jews, Embassy was constituted as their salvation and opportunity of flight. Franco never undertook a policy of persecution against them, but anyone who entered illegally into Spain was subject to arrest and deportation. About 30,000 people were evacuated, despite the harassment of the German embassy.

Purim Celebration

PurimThe Jewish community will celebrate next Saturday March 11th the Festivity of Purim, what some people calls “Jewish carnival”, with which they remember the salvation of the Hebrew people before the imminent annihilation in Babylon.

During this day, in all communities the story of Purim is told through public reading of the Book of Esther and fancy dress parties are organized as a Carnival.

The story goes back to the year 450 BCE, when King Ahasuerus, influenced by the slanders of his minister Haman, had decreed the end of the Jewish presence in his land for the same 14 of Adar; But Queen Esther, of Jewish confession, convinces Ahasuerus and the decree is revoked.

The origin of the word Purim, the Hebrew plural of the Persian Pers meaning “luck”, refers firstly to the fact that the date chosen for destruction was cast and, secondly, that the Jewish town.

From the Middle Ages, in the Jewish communities it is customary to represent the history of Purim in what is known as Purim Shpil. From this tradition has derived the celebration of Purim as a carnival.

Among the customs is the Mishloaj Manot, which consists of sending to friends and relatives of sweets such as Oznei Haman, biscuits characteristic triangular form, or Matanot the Evonim, which consists in offering charity and alms to the poor.

Jews living outside Israel gather in the synagogue where the reading of the Book of Esther is carried out three times in a row. During the reading, which is done in an entertaining and didactic, when naming the “evil Amán” is sounded a kind of rattle to “turn off the sound of that name.”